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File:Sholem Aleichem Statue in Netanya, Israel.JPG|thumb|250px|Sholem Aleichem statue in Netanya, Israel '''Solomon Naumovich Rabinovich''', better known under his pen name '''Sholem Aleichem''' (Yiddish language|Yiddish and ; Russian language|Russian and ) ( – May 13, 1916), was a leading Yiddish author and playwright. The musical ''Fiddler on the Roof'', based on his stories about Tevye|Tevye the Dairyman, was the first commercially successful English-language stage production about Jewish life in Eastern Europe. (The Hebrew phrase "Shalom [or Sholem according to dialect] Aleichem" literally means "Peace be upon you", and is a greeting in traditional Hebrew and Yiddish, surviving in attenuated form in the modern Hebrew "Shalom" [Peace], the normal greeting in modern Israel).
PseudonymSholem Aleichem ({{lang-yi|שלום־עליכם}})
Birth date{{OldStyleDate|March 2|1859|February 18}}
Birth placePereiaslav-Khmelnytskyi|Pereyaslav, Russian Empire (now Ukraine)
Death date{{death date and age|1916|5|13|1859|2|18}}
Death placeNew York City, United States
Nationality| period =
GenreNovels, short stories, plays
Subject| movement = Yiddish literature|Yiddish revival
Signature| website =
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